Jason 1 & 2

The chief objective of the Jason mission initiated by CNES and NASA is to measure sea-surface height and surface wind speed in real time, in order to monitor and forecast ocean variations. The Jason-1 and Jason-2 satellites, launched in 2001 and 2008, have already collected a wealth of data.

The Jason family comprises two satellites already in orbit, Jason-1 and Jason-2, launched in 2001 and 2008, and a third satellite, Jason-3, set to join the family shortly. These satellites’ mission is to acquire data on ocean level, wave heights and wind speed in real time. These data are processed by the SALP altimetry and precise positioning department at CNES, then used to monitor the oceans in real time, generate marine meteorology bulletins and compile navigation charts for shipping. They also help climatologists to learn more about climate mechanisms, in which the oceans are known to play a major role.

CNES, which has oversight responsibility for the mission satellites and system, is closely involved in developing the Jason satellites. The agency supplied the spacecraft bus, built by Thales Alenia Space. CNES also developed the two instruments on the Jason satellites, the Poseidon altimeter and the DORIS receiver. CNES and NASA, the initiators of the Jason mission, have since been joined by two new partners, Eumetsat (European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) and NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). The Jason science data user community collaborates through the Ocean Surface Topography Science Team (OSTST), an international grouping of 80 science teams in France and around the world.